The industrial sector is the sector that generates more stable employment, more qualified and better remunerated at present, and is one of the most precariousness sectors in the labour field for women, because it accumulates a significant number of situations of segregation and discrimination.
We dedicate this article to talk about the study “Women in the industrial sector in Catalonia”, by Carme Poveda, taking into account that the Anoia industrial sector is at 26% and that gender equality is one of the challenges and commitments that is on the agenda of our society.
The fight against precariousness is the current priority objectives and that is why the industrial sector will have to face a great challenge, in order to attract and retain feminine talent.
According to an EPA report in 2016, female employment in the industrial sector was 28.5%. It is one of the areas with less employment of women, followed by construction and agriculture; because in the services sector is where the vast majority is, with an occupation of 54.9%.
One of the problems coupled with the low participation of women in the industrial market is the wage gap, as is the case in the private sector. According to the annual wage structure survey of 2015, hourly wages of women in industry are 17.3% less than men, and if the monthly salary was considered, the pay gap would be higher, as women’s working hours are, on average, lower than those of men.
The study observes that at a higher level of studies the female presence is greater, whereas in cases of level of FP studies, the percentage of female participation is lower.
The Catalan industrial sector faces a great challenge given that in the next 10 years there will be 75,095 retirements, and therefore this translates into the opportunity to take advantage of and consolidate female talent in this sector.
In line with what we mentioned in the last article on Industry 4.0, the new reality in the region will require new talents and, therefore, a lot of training. It will need to cover jobs that will require technical-professional training, engineering and science. We are faced with a great opportunity for women and to overcome the masculinization of the industrial sector.